A Chronicle of Outdoor Fountains

twf029-ei__30264.1377264653.208.278_category.original.jpg The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The historical Roman tradition of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had reconstructed.

Wind Bells and Wind Chimes: Important in FengShui

Chimes were employed by early seamen to determine wind changes as well as by farmers to guard their crops from scavenging birds.

Approximately 3000 years ago, Chinese artisans began casting bells in bronze to be placed near temples, in order to protect against evil spirits and enhance sacred ceremonies. South Asia, Japan, Europe and the Americas ultimately copied the practice of placing windchimes in residences. Soon enough, many cultures started to bring their own meaning to wind chimes by individualizing them.

Wind chimes play a key function in the Chinese idea of feng shui (or “wind-water”), suggesting that the positioning, tone, and materials { used | utilized in construction could favorably influence your personal living spaces.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design And Style

There are numerous famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Practically all of them were planned, designed and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his expertise as a water feature engineer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The juvenile Bernini was an great worker and won compliments and backing of important painters as well as popes. He was initially recognized for his sculpture.

Working effortlessly with Roman marble, he made use of a base of experience in the ancient Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

Taking Care Of Water Wall Fountains

Installing an outdoor wall fountain demands that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to put it. A solid wall is absolutely needed to hold up its overall weight. Note that small areas or walls will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical outlet in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you select, they generally come with simple to follow, step-by-step instructions.

The typical outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it.

In the kit you will find all the needed essentials: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. The basin can usually be concealed among your garden plants if it is not too large. Other than the regular cleaning, little maintenance is required once your outdoor wall fountain is installed.

Replenish and clean the water on a regular schedule. It is important to promptly get rid of debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter weather is vital. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, move your pump indoors. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be an amazing add-on to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The introduction of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century greatly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Castles were more fundamental designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, mostly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. The calm practice of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated public fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century... read more
Windchimes can be made from ceramic, shells, beads
A higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes is achieved through a higher final firing temperature. A duller sound is produced by... read more
Wind Bells and Wind Chimes can be made from ceramic, bamboo, porcelain
In order to achieve a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a greater final firing temperature utilized. Making use of a decreased heating temperature in earthenware creates a duller melody than... read more
Wind Bells and Wind Chimes can be made from ceramic, bamboo, porcelain, or other materials.
A greater, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes is produced through a greater final firing temperature. The difference between earthenware clay fired at lower temperatures and stoneware clay fired at greater temperatures is... read more


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