Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

b-118__91599.jpg There are many renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water feature developer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. To completely express their artwork, mainly in the form of public water fountains and water fountains, Bernini's father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately relocated in the City of Rome. The young Bernini earned praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an exceptional worker. At the start he was known for his sculptural skills. An expert in ancient Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a base and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Introducing Chimes to Your Back Yard

Yards with wind chimes are thought to be eclectic. Serving as a filler to footpaths, herb gardens and entrances, they lend a vital element to areas with flower gardens and water features. And wind chimes are a fantastic means to improve the ambiance of your garden. Truly enjoy your outdoor time by integrating sound into your backyard experience with the inclusion of a chime garden. You can choose whether it should be restricted to a small area of your yard, or included to cover the entire outdoor garden. The appeal of a wind chime garden is that you can fashion it according to your own preferences, by selecting where you want to position it, as well as the tone and style you are seeking. Placing your chimes where they will most benefit from the course and patterns of the wind is just one of the considerations when designing your wind chime garden.

Identifying the best location is essential and will contribute greatly to realizing your very own relaxing and unique outdoor space.

Wind Bells and Windchimes can be made from crystal, resin, wood

Wind chimes are typically created of metal or wood, and are quite often formed like pipes or rods; however, chimes may be made from various a variety of materials and can be shaped in many different ways. Glass, bamboo, shell, stone, earthenware, stoneware, beads, keys and porcelain are also frequently used materials in the making of wind chimes. Reused materials like cutlery or cookie cutters may be utilized to fashion wind chimes that are more exotic. A chime’s sound is greatly impacted by its material make-up. However, the melodies, ranging from pleasant jingling sounds to flat thuds, are produced by chimes made from recycled things such as these. When wind chime tubes are correctly sized, the melodies they emit are tunable to notes. The longest and loudest-sounding chime is developed by wind chimes manufactured from aluminum because aluminum has the lowest interior damping of any other common metallic element.

There are countless variables that determine tone: the materials used, the exact alloy, heat treatment, and whether or not a tube or solid cylinder is utilized for construction. The dimensions of a tube’s wall (if a tube is included in construction) has an effect on the tone. Tone may be affected as a result of the technique selected for placing. The materials utilized to build the object which strikes the chimes can well affect the tone quality.

A greater, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes is achieved through a greater finishing firing temperature.

Using a lower heating temperature in earthenware generates a duller sound than does employing greater firing temperatures in stoneware clay. Stoneware wind chimes are more durable and more resistant to strong winds, and are therefore less likely to chip and get damaged.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive tactics. The calm method of gardening was unlikely in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers trying to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

The History of Outdoor Fountains

Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classical Greek documents into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the core of his objectives. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent repair at the behest of the Pope. The historical Roman custom of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

The Godfather Of Roman Garden Fountains
There are countless famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and built nearly all of them. Marks of his life's efforts are apparent all... read more
Wind Bells and Wind Chimes can be made from crystal, bamboo, beads
A higher final firing temperature occurring in wind chimes made of clay results in a higher, more reverberant tone. Using a decreased heating temperature in ceramic generates a duller melody than... read more
Wind Chimes can be made from crystal glass, resin, wood
In order to attain a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a higher final firing temperature utilized. A duller noise is emitted ... read more
Designing Wind Bells and Chimes
A higher closing firing temperature occurring in wind chimes made of clay results in a higher, more reverberant tone. A more monotonous noise is emitted by earthenware clay fired at a reduced temperature ... read more
Constructing Wind Bells and Chimes
A greater, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes is produced through a higher finishing firing temperature. Stoneware clay fired at greater temperatures ... read more
Making Wind Bells and Wind Chimes
A higher finishing firing temperature in clay wind chimes provides a higher and more ringing tone. The contrast between earthenware clay fired at lesser temperatures and stoneware clay fired at elevated ... read more


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