The Source of Modern Outdoor Water Fountains

Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to enhance the beauty of the city. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the bidding of the Pope. b-147__83133.jpg The ancient Roman tradition of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space formerly filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Designing Windchimes

While wind chimes are typically made of wood or metal, and quite often appear as pipes or rods, a range of materials may be included to create chimes of many assorted designs. Along with wood or metal, chimes may be developed from glass, bamboo, shell, stone, earthenware, stoneware, beading, keys and porcelain. One can also employ reused materials including forks and knives and cookie cutters to make more exotic wind chimes. The melody emitted by wind chimes can differ immensely depending on the material used in their development. Whenever recycling items such as these to make chimes, bear in mind that the noises produced are not tunable to particular notes and can be sweet sounding or flat. The musical notes produced by correctly sized wind chime tubes are tunable to notes. Aluminum has the lowest interior damping of all common metals; therefore, wind chimes made of aluminum have the longest and loudest-sounding chime.

There are many criteria that determine tone: the elements used, the exact alloy, heat treatment, and whether or not a tube or solid cylinder is used for construction. Tone is affected by the thickness of a tube’s wall, if a tube is included. The { method | technique utilized to place the chimes may also determine tone. Tone grade is also affected by the material of the object used to hit the chimes.

In order to attain a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a higher final firing temperature utilized. A more monotonous noise is created by earthenware clay fired at a reduced temperatures than stoneware clay fired at higher temperatures. Even in stronger wind conditions, stoneware wind chimes are less likely to chip or be ruined because of their durability.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental structures that enabled their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys.

The serene method of gardening was unlikely in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most uncorrupted style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

FengShui and The Sounds of Chimes

These wind-powered music machines have comprehensive origins – from the rattle of dried out bones placed to protect crops, to their usage on ships to warn crews of changes in wind direction.

Around 1000 BC, skilled Chinese craftsmen cast bells in bronze to elevate religious rituals and chase away malefic ghosts. South Asia, Japan, Europe and the Americas ultimately imitated the practice of hanging windchimes in homes. The tranquil tones and the soft motions of wind chimes continued to be appreciated around the globe, as each culture enhanced them with their own importance and individualized flair.

The Chinese belief of feng shui ( translated as wind-water) believed that the usage of chimes could definitely impact a house through the pitch, components, and placement of the chime.

Wind Bells and Windchimes and Your Garden

Wind chimes add an eclectic charm to any garden. Serving as a filler to footpaths, herb gardens and entrances, they add a vital aspect to areas with flower gardens and water features. And the all-around ambiance in your garden can be improved significantly by adding wind chimes. Think about this sort of garden so you can make your outdoor experience a fun, musical affair. It is your choice whether to cover the whole backyard, or merely a smaller area of the backyard landscape with this type of garden. One of the great benefits of a wind chime garden is that you can create them to your own unique specifications, by deciding where the chimes are placed, the tone and design. Placing your chimes where they will most benefit from the direction and patterns of the wind is just one of the considerations when designing your wind chime garden. Identifying the best location is essential and will add greatly to realizing your very own calm and unique outdoor space.

Adding Wind Bells and Wind Chimes to Your Garden
Wind chimes incorporate an eclectic beauty to any yard. They improve herb gardens and water features, and also provide a vibrant component to lawns with flower gardens and water features. And wind chimes are a great means to improve... read more
Incorporating Wind Bells and Chimes into your landscaping
Wind chimes are viewed today as an eclectic addition to a yard. Serving as a filler to footpaths, herb gardens and entrances, they add a vital element to landscapes with flower gardens and water features. There are unlimited ways to improve the feel of... read more
Windchimes can be made from glass, earthenware, beads
In order to achieve a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a greater final firing temperature used. Stoneware clay... read more
Wind Bells and Chimes can be made from glass, bamboo, porcelain
A greater closing firing temperature occurring in wind chimes produced of clay results in a higher, more tinkling tone. Making use of a reduced heating temperature in earthenware produces a duller noise ... read more
Chimes can be made from ceramic, shells, porcelain, or other materials.
In order to achieve a higher, more ringing tone in clay wind chimes, there should be a greater final firing temperature utilized. Stoneware clay fired at more significant temperatures yields less of a dull sound than does earthenware clay fired at ... read more


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